One source of the "43.4% pay no taxes may be this 2006 report from the Tax Foundation. It includes people who pay payroll taxes that are ultimately refunded and consists mostly of single people and heads of households who just don’t make enough money to have to pay taxes or take lawful deductions that reduces their tax burden. They have all filed returns. None of them are tax cheats if anyone is thinking such things. And the subject is really irrelevant to health care reform. Unless someone is arguing that people who pay more taxes should get better services.
Everybody in every country complains about taxes, but Americans are not ‘taxed to the gills’. The highest rate is 35%, which is hardly out of line compared to many other industrial nations (see this site for other countries tax rates). Even though tax rates and marginal rates have been going down since 2000, we still insist on complaining about how high our taxes are.
Frankly, I don’t mind paying taxes. What I mind is what I pay taxes FOR.