As childhood obesity rates rise, so do rates of type 2 diabetes in children. Coupled with the rise in type 1 diabetes in adults, it is becoming increasingly difficult to differentiate the two diseases without resorting to a slow, expensive lab test that takes days to check for antibodies unique to type 1. Now using nanotechnology on a microchip, researchers in the US have developed an inexpensive, rapid portable test that performs to lab standard.
Brian Feldman is one of the inventors of a microchip-based test for diagnosing type-1 diabetes.
Writing in Nature Medicine, researchers from Stanford University School of Medicine, CA, describe how the new handheld microchip test shows not only high sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes, but also potential to discover previously unknown biomarkers of the disease.