i’m pretty sure that the type 2’s were not on insulin as at the end of the article it said: “The researchers are planning to conduct a similar study on type-1 diabetics, who require daily insulin treatment.”
i found the abstract, but my limited science background means i only understood the part about insulin peaking earlier for lunch and dinner if breakfast was eaten. if breakfast was skipped, insulin peaked later leaving the individual with high bg’s for a longer period of time. i am interested in the idea that our pancreas may predict how much insulin we need before we eat, based on previous recent meals, not necessarily based on what we are eating at the moment. i first heard about this from art de vany. that’s why i was interested in a previous post about the effect of daytime bg fluctuations on night time bg fluctuations and the resulting quality of sleep … of which mine in poor :>( …here is the abstract. for those who understand more of it, please post if you see anything interesting.
"Insulin peaked higher and earlier at 30 min after Lunch in the Yes Breakfast group vs at 60 min after Lunch in the No Breakfast group…"
intermittent fasting (like not eating breakfast) might work for people regulate glucose well either because they are not diabetic or they know how to mimic a working pancreas at least fairly well using exogenous insulin.